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The Science of Reading: Phonemic Awarenes

Phonemic Awareness

The ability to manipulate individual sounds in spoken words.


Readings on Phonemic Awareness



Activities to develop phonological and phonemic awareness

Lesson Resources


Books on Phonemic Awareness




An Introduction to Phonological Awareness

"Phonological awareness is a broad skill that includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language – parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes. Children who have phonological awareness are able to identify and make oral rhymes, can clap out the number of syllables in a word, and can recognize words with the same initial sounds like 'money' and 'mother.' (Phonemic awareness refers to the specific ability to focus on and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words.)" (Reading Rockets)

Reading difficulties

Phonemic Awareness

44 Sounds in Spoken English