It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
A thousand years after the Pyramids were built, Queen Hatshepsut, widow and half sister of King Thutmose II, ascended Egypt's throne when the latter died prematurely in 1473 B.C. As regent for her infant nephew and stepson, Thutmose III, she was not the first woman to rule Egypt. But, for reasons that remain unknown, a few years into her regency, Hatshepsut discarded the title "queen" and became "king."
Akhenaten was in effect taking the mythology out of Egyptian religion -in itself an amazing feat of abstract thought, for which he has been given too little credit - but was he necessarily putting something equally satisfying in its place? Was 'the criminal of Amarna', as he was later known, a prophet misunderstood by his contemporaries, or was he a visionary who was understood far too well?
Akhenaten is a source of endless fascination and speculation - this often masks the fact that we actually know very little about him. Dr Kate Spence explores the enigmatic story of Egypt's 'heretic' king.
Ramses II ruled as pharaoh, or king, of ancient Egypt from 1279 to 1213 bc, the second longest reign in Egyptian history. Rameses was a highly popular ruler, and under him Egypt enjoyed great prosperity. In modern times, historians dubbed him Ramses the Great, in part for his abilities as a military leader.
He is known today by the majestic temples and colossal monuments that still rise above the Nile -- proclaiming, as they have for more than 3,000 years, the greatness of Ramses II, "Son of Ra" the sun god, the warrior king of Egypt. He is known as well by more modern traditions that seek to identify him as the unnamed pharaoh of the Exodus who, according to the Bible, released the Hebrew slaves only after God struck down the firstborn of Egypt, including the pharaoh's son.
Ramesses II fought the Hittites and signed the world's first official peace treaty. He undertook an unparalleled building programme, had over one hundred children and reigned for 67 years. Did he deserve the epithet, 'the Great', or was he full of hot air? John Ray investigates
The Egyptian king, or pharaoh, Thutmose III is often regarded as the greatest ruler of ancient Egypt. He reigned from 1479 to 1426 bc, in the 18th dynasty, during the New Kingdom. Thutmose was a skilled warrior who brought the Egyptian empire to the height of its power.
Thutmose III is often regarded as the greatest of the rulers of ancient Egypt. Thutmose III was a skilled warrior who brought the Egyptian empire to the zenith of its power by conquering all of Syria, crossing the Euphrates to defeat the Mitannians, and penetrating south along the Nile River to Napata in the Sudan. He also built a great number of temples and monuments to commemorate his deeds.