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Liveability is an assessment of what a place is like to live in, using particular criteria; for example, environmental quality, social and cultural aspects, economic considerations and infrastructure.
Social factors relate to society and its organisation. Specifically, the social aspects of an area's liveability may include crime levels, access to education and medical care.
The natural world and the impact humans have on its condition represent an area's environmental liveability. Key aspects of this factor include climate, the quality of the area's design, architecture and access to green spaces (parks).
Economics is the study of the production, distribution and consumption of wealth. Economic factors; therefore, include access to jobs, affordable housing, shops and other retail outlets.
Cultural factors generally relate to a society's celebration of the arts and other intellectual achievements. Churches, recreational facilities, entertainment venues, public libraries, restaurants and its ethinic diversity are all evidence of a community's culture.
Infrastructure relates to the physical resources a community requires to function effectively. Such resources may include roads, access to public transport and parking, cycle ways and maintenance of all these facilities.
"The capital and commercial center of the Australian state of Victoria is Melbourne. The city lies on a wide coastal plain in the southeastern part of the country. Its metropolitan area is the second most populous in Australia, trailing not far behind Sydney, its traditional rival ... "
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"Melbourne is the capital city of Victoria, and Australia’s second-largest city. Focused around a central city, Greater Melbourne’s area of approximately 9900 km² of suburbs spread more than 40 km to the south, 30 km to the east, 20 km to the north and sprawl across vast, flat basalt plains to the west ... "
"Vancouver is the largest city in the Canadian province of British Columbia and the third largest metropolitan area in Canada, after Toronto and Montreal. Its site on the Pacific Northwest coastline and its deep-water port make it an ideal gateway for national and international trade. As the economic and cultural center of the province, it brings together a rich variety of people and offers one of the highest standards of living in the world ... "
"The major urban area of western Canada, Vancouver is the commercial, financial, and industrial center of the province of British Columbia. The city is located just north of the United States–Canada border, on a peninsula that projects into the coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean. Vancouver is the province’s largest city ... "
"Economic and political stability, universal healthcare, diversity in culture and environment, as well as world-class education and infrastructure are just a few of the reasons Vancouver has consistently been ranked as #1 for livability and quality of life across all North American cities ... "
"The capital of the Australian state of South Australia, Adelaide is located on the eastern side of Gulf St. Vincent, an inlet of the Great Australian Bight and the Indian Ocean. Adelaide lies on the banks of the Torrens River. The central part of the city is surrounded by parklands, and the scenic Mount Lofty Ranges rise to the east ... "
"Known as "the heart of the New West," Calgary is the largest city in the province of Alberta. Its population of around 1.239 million residents (2016 census estimate) makes it the third largest city in Canada, following Toronto and Quebec. Calgary is located in southern Alberta, in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, where the Bow and Elbow Rivers meet ... "
"... The physical setting of Calgary distinguishes it from other cities of the Prairie Provinces. It is situated on the western edge of the Great Plains, in the foothills of the spectacular Canadian Rockies (about 60 miles [100 km] to the west), and the surrounding valleys and uplands are a distinct change from the flat prairie landscapes typical of the region ... "
" ... The city of Calgary is situated on the Bow River in southern Alberta, about 220 km north of the American border at the meeting point of the Western prairies and mountain foothills. It is the financial centre of western Canada, based on its key role in the development of the region’s oil and gas industry. With its panoramic backdrop of the Rocky Mountains and its historic association with cattle ranching and oil exploration, Calgary is one of Canada’s most identifiable cities ... "
"A growing Greater Sydney presents an opportunity to build social and cultural networks and to enhance individual and community health outcomes. Strategic planning will capitalise on local identity, heritage and cultural values, together with easier access to services to foster a more active, resilient and connected society ... "
"Sydney. It’s one of the best. And that’s not just according to us. It’s rated as the third most liveable city in the world*. What makes it so great? Well, take a look. With a stunning harbour and year-round amazing weather, it’s easy to see why people fall in love with it" University of New South Wales
"Helsinki is the capital of Finland. A lively city rich in history, Helsinki was founded in 1550 and became the capital of Finland in 1812. Founded by a Swedish king when Finland was still part of Sweden, Helsinki was a planned city and includes at least 315 islands, which is the reason for its nickname, "the city of the sea." ... "
"It is the leading seaport and industrial city of the nation. Helsinki lies in the far south of the country, on a peninsula that is fringed by fine natural harbours and that protrudes into the Gulf of Finland. It is the most northerly of continental European capitals ... "
"Helsinki is renowned for offering an exceptionally high quality of life, with an outstanding modern transport system, great infrastructure, and a high degree of social trust. Everything simply works. Helsinki is at the top of global quality of life rankings ... "
"The Auckland region is the most populous region of New Zealand. It is named for the city of Auckland and contains about 1.4 million people, or about one-third of the country's entire population. Alongside Auckland city and the other urban areas, the region contains more than 1,600 kilometres of coastlines and is well known for its natural beauty ... "
"The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area of the country. With over 1.3 million people, it is home to nearly one-third of the country's population ... "
"Our largest city, Auckland is New Zealand’s commercial hub. It’s also the largest Polynesian city in the world and the most multi-cultural, with over 180 different ethnic groups. All of which adds up to one big, bustling, cosmopolitan and vibrant place ... "