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We have graded each source in this Research Guide according to the following levels.
Brief, easy to read information which may be basic and use informal language. Newspaper articles are generally this level.
Generally includes subject-specific language, provides additional reading and may provide additional background information.
Typically, these will be longer in length, detailed and contain technical information.
You will need a username and password for this article, see your teacher. "Natural disasters, both on land and under the ocean, may cause deadly ocean waves called tsunamis. By the time a tsunami reaches shore, it has gained tremendous size and power. Tsunamis can wipe out entire coastal villages or towns."
What huge forces cause tsunamis?
"Discover what powerful force triggers a tsunami. In this clip you will see the damage caused by tsunami, and find out why it occurred. Learn about what is happening on the ocean floor and the connection between tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes and tectonic plates. See how a warning centre is working to keep people safe from tsunamis."
Tsunami prevention in the Pacific
"By investigating sediments and debris left by devastating tsunamis throughout history, Japanese scientists are making discoveries that change the way we understand disaster prevention in the Pacific. Watch as research teams examine rocks and mud layers; create digital simulations of past tsunamis; and investigate the seabed where the 2011 Tohoku earthquake originated. What do they discover that may help predict and prevent future disasters?"
Tsunami Facts for Kids
"Check out our tsunami facts for kids and learn some interesting information related to these great walls of water that can cause so much destruction. "
Tsunami Facts: Check out the Mighty Wave!
A tsunami (soo-NAH-mee) is one of the world’s most powerful and destructive natural forces. They can speed across the ocean as fast as a jet plane, swallow up islands and wipe out villages. But what causes tsuamis…? Join National Geographic Kids and dive into our tsunami facts to find out!
"Tsunamis are often triggered by earthquakes. In 2009 a tsunami in the Indian Ocean caused mass devastation impacting socially, economically and environmentally on many countries ... "
"Tsunamis are large ocean waves generated by major earthquakes beneath the ocean floor or major landslides into the ocean. Rising to several feet or higher, they can strike the coast with devastating force."
Boxing Day Indonesian Tsunami 2004
Boxing Day Indonesian Tsunami 2004
On this day in history: 2004 Boxing Day tsunami
"In 2004 the Boxing Day tsunami took hundreds of thousands of lives. Today, Australia spearheads a warning system for the Indian Ocean."
"We've yet again been reminded of the devastating force of a tsunami. Last week the Indonesian island of Sumatra was hit after a massive earthquake triggered a wave that killed hundreds of people. And some are still missing. So how do tsunamis happen and what systems are in place to help save lives. Tash explains."
Ring of Fire
"During the school holidays you might have seen some pretty upsetting pictures from overseas. There were two big earthquakes, one in the Pacific ocean caused a Tsunami in Samoa and one hit Sumatra which is an island in Indonesia. Earthquakes happen all the time, all over the world but sometimes it seems like they hit some places more than others. Sarah's had a look at why Samoa and Sumatra are on particularly shaky ground."
Case study: Boxing Day Tsunami of 2004
Scroll down to read the Case Study on the Boxing Day Tsunami of 2004. "On 26 December 2004 a tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean. It was the result of the Indio-Australian Plate subducting below the Eurasian Plate. It was caused by an earthquake measuring more than magnitude 9. The earthquake caused the seafloor to uplift, displacing the seawater above."
Japanese Tsunami 2011
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami facts for kids
"The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami was an 9.0-magnitude earthquake followed by tsunami waves. It was measured at 8.4 on the JMA seismic intensity scale ... "
How the Japanese tsunami sent marine invaders across the ocean
"WHEN THE TSUNAMI waters withdrew from the devastated coast of Japan in March 2011 they took with them a vast amount of debris consisting of potentially millions of objects, and sent it rafting across the Pacific Ocean."
Japan tsunami a rare ‘double wave’
"THE MASSIVE EARTHQUAKE OFF the coast of Japan in March 2011 caused a rare ‘merging tsunami’ in which two waves combined to amplify the destruction after landfall, according to NASA."
Case Study: Japan Tsunami 2011
Scroll down the page to read about the Japanese Tsunami. "On Friday 11 March 2011 at 14:46:24, an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 on the Richter scale occurred. It was at the point where the Pacific tectonic plate slides beneath the North American plate."