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This link provides answers to the following questions: Who are asylum seekers and refugees? What are Australia’s human rights obligations in relation to asylum seekers and refugees? How many refugees does Australia grant permanent protection to each year? Why are asylum seekers and refugees in immigration detention? How are asylum seekers’ claims decided? What is the 'enhanced screening process'?
"In August 2001 Australian troops boarded the Norwegian freighter MV Tampa off Christmas Island. The commander of the vessel, Captain Arne Rinnan, had rescued hundreds of asylum-seekers from a stranded Indonesian fishing boat in the Indian Ocean and was attempting to bring them to Australia. The ‘Tampa Crisis’ became the catalyst for Australia’s new ‘border protection’ policy. It also became a pivotal issue in the 2001 federal election campaign ... "
"The magnitude and complexity of the issues arising from the flow of asylum seekers and refugees globally pose huge challenges for the world’s destination countries, including Australia. These countries universally struggle to maintain a balance between controlling national borders and offering protection to millions of displaced people ... "
"On 26 August 2001 a Norwegian freighter, the MV Tampa, rescued 433 people from aboard the stranded boat, KM Palapa 1, in the Indian Ocean. The Palapa had been at sea for three days, having set out from Java in an attempt to reach Christmas Island where passengers were intending to lodge claims for asylum. Australian authorities had sent out the call for the boat to be rescued. The Tampa was given leave by Indonesian authorities to disembark the rescued passengers at the port of Merak, but due to intense requests by a number of the asylum seekers and subsequent concern for the safety of those onboard, the Tampa captain, Arne Rinnan, opted to sail for Christmas Island ... "
"Immigration Minister Scott Morrison says he makes no apologies for an assertive video telling asylum seekers on Manus Island and Nauru that they will never be resettled in Australia and should consider returning home ... "
Legislation and Government Policy asylum seekers and refugees
"Australia treats refugees in two very different ways. For many decades, Australia has been a leader in bringing some of the most vulnerable refugees in the world from overseas, and supporting them to settle in Australia ... "
"The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the key legal documents that form the basis of our work. With 149 State parties to either or both, they define the term ‘refugee’ and outlines the rights of refugees, as well as the legal obligations of States to protect them "
"The Guide to Refugee Law in Australia contains an analysis of the legal issues relevant to the assessment of protection visas, focusing particularly on the determination of refugee status and complementary protection in Australia. It was first developed in 1996 and is maintained by the Legal Services Section of the Migration and Refugee Division as a reference tool for members and staff. The guide is regularly updated to reflect developments in the law ... "
"Up to 90 asylum seekers have rejected an offer to move to the United States, prompting claims from Peter Dutton that they are waiting for a Labor government before attempting to resettle in Australia ... "
"The conservative Australian government of Prime Minister Scott Morrison faced a significant defeat in the lower house of parliament on Tuesday after the opposition Labor Party forced through amendments that would allow doctors far more sway in bringing over asylum seekers stranded in offshore camps ..."
Case law and commentary asylum seekers and refugees
This booklet addresses the following: 1) The Rule of Law Principle in Australia; 2) Legal Responses to Human Rights in Australia; 3) Legal Responses to Asylum Seekers in Australia; 4) Case 1: High Court, Asylum Seekers and Procedural Fairness; 5) Case 2: The Malaysia People Swap Deal; 6) Offshore Processng Post August 2012; and 7) Evaluating the Migration Act 1958 (Cth).
"he committee considered a significant amount of evidence about the adequacy of services made available to refugees and asylum seekers in the Republic of Nauru (Nauru) and Papua New Guinea (PNG), and addressed the work undertaken by the Australian Government to build capacity with local authorities ... "
"Canada is offering to resettle 20,000 Afghan refugees, including women’s leaders and journalists. Why has Australia so far been unwilling to make the same declaration? Just hours after the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, Australia joined the international community in calling for the “safe and orderly departure of foreign nationals and Afghans who wish to leave the country” ... "
"A federal court judge has described Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton's handling of some medevac refugee cases as disturbing and potentially unlawful, while his department says plans are in place to fly some detainees back to Nauru and Papua New Guinea ... "
"There are thousands of people seeking asylum living in the Australian community. Some of these people have come to Australia by plane, and sought asylum afterwards. Some of them have come to Australia by boat ... "
"The following statistics focus on detention in Australia. There are different kinds of places where people are detained, known as Immigration Detention Centres (IDCs), Immigration Transit Accommodation (ITAs), and Alternative Places of Detention (APODs) ... "
"Two countries that historically have led the world in refugee resettlement, the United States and Australia, have dramatically lowered their annual admissions ceilings at a time when the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has identified 1,445,383 of the world’s 26 million refugees as being in need of resettlement ... "